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'''Marcus Aurelius''' (; ;In Classical Latin, Aurelius' name would be inscribed as MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS. 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Emperor of Rome from . He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. Marcus Aurelius was the last of the so-called Nerva–Antonine dynasty#Five Good Emperors|Five Good Emperors. He was a practitioner of Stoicism, and his untitled writing, commonly known as the ''Meditations'', is the most significant source of the modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. During his reign, the Roman Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East: Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon in 164. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars, although the threat of the Germanic peoples|Germanic...
SuccessionRoman emperor|Joint 16th Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign8 March 161 – 17 March 180
PredecessorAntoninus Pius
SuccessorCommodus
RegentLucius Verus {{small|(161–169)}}
Commodus {{small|(177–180)}}
Issue14, incl. Commodus, Marcus Annius Verus, Antoninus and Lucilla
DynastyAntonines|Antonine
Father{{plainlist|
MotherDomitia Lucilla
Birth date{{birth date|121|4|26|df=y}}
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